The greatest amounts of hydrocarbons are used as fuel for combustion, particularly in heating and motor fuel applications. 24.1 ALKANES (PARAFFINS) Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. Distinguish between straight-chain alkaneand branched-chain alkane. Hydrocarbons are compounds made out of Carbon and Hydrogen atoms ONLY! Uses of Hydrocarbons There’s not a single use of hydrocarbons, multiple uses of hydrocarbons are known. They are … The cracking produces a mixture of alkanes and alkenes. A site’s return to its original state following an oil spill does not therefore necessarily imply a total absence of hydrocarbons … Due to carbon’s unique bonding patterns, hydrocarbons can have single, double, or triple bonds between the carbon atoms. Uses of Aromatic Hydrocarbons In several industries, aromatic hydrocarbons have wide applications. Hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon fuels (gas, liquid, and solid) are one of the Earth's most important energy resources. 15.5 Uses of Hydrocarbons Sources of hydrocarbons Crude oil is the main source of hydrocarbons, it is found trapped in layers beneath the surface of the earth.Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons – alkanes, cycloalkanes and aromatic compounds.. 3. In National 4 Chemistry learn more about different groups of hydrocarbons. These petrochemicals are simply hydrocarbons of different chemical compositions. We use hydrocarbons every day, mainly as fuels, such as natural gas, acetylene, propane, butane, and The presence of these hydrocarbons in the marine environment is not negligible, even if they are not comparable with the concentrations reached when an oil spill occurs. Title PowerPoint Presentation - 2.1 Classes of Hydrocarbons Author Nick Turro Last modified by Thomas Poon Created Date 10/28/2003 5:33:44 PM Document presentation format On-screen Show Company Columbia University the use of hydrocarbons (alkanes) depends on the number of carbon atoms number of carbon atoms form use 1-4 (g) heating and cooking fuel 5 … Hydrocarbon: An organic chemical compound composed exclusively of hydrogen and carbon atoms. Compound 1 is a hydrocarbon, because it consists of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. The green pigment found in plants is commonly known as chlorophyll, consisting of aromatic hydrocarbons, and it is essential in the food production process in plants. Produces less amount of carbon dioxide. Since cracking converts larger hydrocarbons into smaller hydrocarbons, … The larger fraction of hydrocarbon is converted to gas by heating, then passed over a catalyst of mixed silicon dioxide and aluminum oxide at about 600-700 C. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The green pigment found in plants, more Common Hydrocarbons and Their Uses Name Number of Carbon Atoms Uses Methane 1 Fuel in electrical generation. Uses of hydrocarbons Review (Part 1) Reactions of alkenes Alcohols Properties and combustion of alcohols Carboxylic acids Natural and addition polymers Condensation polymers Review (Part 2) … Physical properties of organic liquids 1.1 Introduction … Point: Hydrocarbons like oil and gas have done nothing but cause chaos! Hydrocarbons are molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen. These bonds may be single, multiple or hexagonal, and determine whether the hydrocarbon is a liquid or gas at any given temperature. It also shows the trends in the fractions. The fuels that we use as sources of energy like CNG and LPG are nothing but a mixture of hydrocarbons only. Distinguish between straight-chain alkaneand branched-chain alkane. Some numerous uses of aromatic hydrocarbons are given below. Uses of Aromatic Hydrocarbons The use of aromatic hydrocarbons is common in both biological and synthetic processes. Hydrocarbon gas is … They occur naturally in compounds like DNA and within some amino acids that make up proteins. Besides the uses mentioned It shows a demonstration practical that can be used to show the products of combustion of alkanes. Produces least about of carbon dioxide. The hydrocarbons are the most broadly used organic compounds known, and are quite literally the driving force of western civilization. Some numerous uses of aromatic hydrocarbons are listed below. Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds. Yes, there are many uses of Hydrocarbons that makes them very important in our today's civilization. Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. Hydrocarbons Physical Properties and their Relevance to Utilisation 11 Physical properties of organic liquids 1. Let’s explore the same under the following points: These are used as a combustible fuel source, eg: Methane which is the Please have a look at the example below. All of these substances contribute to the greenhouse effect, and the depletion of the ozone layer. Suitable for C1. On the other hand In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons are compounds comprised exclusively of carbon and hydrogen and they are by far the dominant components of crude oil, processed petroleum hydrocarbons (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, fuel oil, and Smaller hydrocarbons are more useful as fuels than larger hydrocarbons. Without them, it would not be easy for us to work especially with the use of machines, because many hydrocarbon derivatives Paraffin - The wax that we use for a variety of industries, everything from candle making and food preservation to medical and industrial uses, contains hydrocarbons. Ppt details fractional distillation and the uses for each fraction. : 620 Hydrocarbons are examples of group 14 hydrides.Hydrocarbons from which one hydrogen atom has been removed are functional groups called hydrocarbyls. Cracking is a process to break down large chain hydrocarbons to smaller chain hydrocarbons, with the help of heat and catalyst. The names of hydrocarbons with single bonds end in “-ane,” those with double bonds end in “-ene,” and those with triple bonds end in “-yne”. Hydrocarbons Objectives Describe the bonding in hydrocarbons. Many hydrocarbons are found in plants, animals, and their fossils; other hydrocarbons have been prepared in the laboratory. Aliphatic hydrocarbons Because of the interlocking network of the chemical industry, it will be helpful to return briefly to the original raw materials.Earlier the aromatic group of organic chemicals was described; contrasted with these are the aliphatics, of which a number … For example, for model glues, toluene is used as solvent while naphthalene is used as mothballs. Hydrocarbons with the same formula, including alkanes, can have different structures. Uses Aromatic hydrocarbons are everywhere, literally. Hydrocarbons are the main component of crude oil, natural gases, and most pesticides. They also reduce the photosynthetic ability z list various uses of hydrocarbons; and z explain the term carcinogenicity and Toxicity. Hydrocarbons are molecules of carbon hydrogen and oxygen that have different chemical and physical properties depending on the structure of their bonding. Hydrocarbons are compounds which contain hydrogen and carbon only. Counter-Point : Increased energy use from hydrocarbons has actually been strongly connected to a … Nonetheless, hydrocarbons never miss a chance to play a significant role in our daily life. Some common hydrocarbons and their uses: Name Uses Methane It is used as a fuel in electrical generation. Besides being the fuel for gas grills, propane has other uses in households. Their Relevance to Utilisation 11 Physical Properties and their Relevance to Utilisation 11 Physical Properties and fossils. Carbon’S unique bonding patterns, hydrocarbons can have different structures organic compounds bonding patterns, hydrocarbons can single! At any given temperature An organic chemical compound composed exclusively of hydrogen and.. Like CNG and LPG are nothing but a mixture of hydrocarbons, multiple uses of aromatic hydrocarbons common... Oil and natural gas greatest amounts of hydrocarbons are compounds which contain hydrogen and carbon only the hydrocarbon is organic! 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